The story of manga.
Manga are comic books or graphic novels originating from Japan. Most manga follow a style that developed in Japan in the late 19th century, and the form has a long history in Japanese art. The term manga is used in Japan to refer to both comic books and cartoons. Outside of Japan, the word is usually used to refer to comics originally published in the country.
In Japan, people of all ages and walks of life read manga. The medium includes works in a wide range of genres: action, adventure, business and commerce, comedy, detective, drama, historical, horror, mystery, romance, science fiction and fantasy, sports and games, and suspense, among others. Many manga are translated into other languages.
Kanagaki Robun and Kawanabe Kyōsai created the first manga magazine in 1874: Eshinbun Nipponchi. The magazine was heavily influenced by Japan Punch, founded in 1862 by Charles Wirgman, a British cartoonist. Eshinbun Nipponchi had a very simple drawing style, did not become popular with many people, and ended after three issues.
The magazine Kisho Shimbun in 1875 was inspired by Eshinbun Nipponchi, which was followed by Marumaru Chinbun in 1877 and then Garakuta Chinpo in 1879. Shōnen Sekai was the first shōnen magazine created in 1895 by Iwaya Sazanami, a famous writer of Japanese children's literature then. Shōnen Sekai had a heavy focus on the First Sino-Japanese War
In 1905 the manga-magazine publishing boom started with the Russo-Japanese War, Tokyo Pakku was created and became a huge success. After Tokyo Pakku in 1905, a female version of Shōnen Sekai was created and called Shōjo Sekai, which is considered the first shōjo magazine.Shōnen Pakku was made and is considered the first children's manga magazine. The demographics of children were at an early stage of development in the Meiji period.
Shōnen Pakku was influenced by foreign children's magazines such as Puck which an employee of Jitsugyō no Nihon (publisher of the magazine) saw and decided to emulate. In 1924, Kodomo Pakku was launched as another children's manga magazine after Shōnen Pakku. During the boom, Poten (derived from the French "potin") was published in 1908. All pages were in color with influences from Tokyo Pakku and Osaka Puck.
Kodomo Pakku was released in May 1924 by Tokyosha and featured high quality among many members of the manga art such as Takei Takeo, Takehisa Yumeji and Aso Yutaka. Some of the manga featured speech balloons, while other manga from earlier seasons did not use speech balloons and were silent.
How to read a manga?
How to read a manga?
Correct placement of a manga book
Start with the first manga volume of your chosen series. Most of the time, manga are serialized and contain multiple stories. Be sure to start with the first story and work your way through the series chronologically. If a series is popular enough, its episodes may be published together in a collector's volume. The issue and series are usually printed on the cover.
Lay the book down with the spine on the right side. Manga should be read with the spine of the magazine or book on the right. As you lay the manga on a table, make sure the edges of the pages are on the left and the spine is placed on the right. That is, "upside down" compared to the rest of the common books.
Start on the side with the title, author's name, and edition. It is important to start reading manga from the right side. The cover will usually contain the title of the manga along with the name of the author or authors. Flip the manga over if you encounter a warning that says, "You're reading the wrong way!"
Manga frame reading series
Read the panels from right to left and in order from top to bottom. Like manga pages, individual panels should be read in order from right to left. Start reading each page starting from the box in the upper right corner of the page. Read from right to left and when you reach the edge of the page, go to the table on the far right of the next row of boxes.
If the frames are all arranged vertically, start with the topmost frame.
Even if they don't line up perfectly, stick to the right-to-left rule. Start with the highest row or column and move - from right to left - to the lowest row or column.
Read the speech bubbles from right to left and top to bottom. Start at the top right corner of the single frame and read the dialog balloons from right to left, then top to bottom.
When a manga panel has a black background, it usually indicates that the events depicted in the panel occurred before the main story was depicted in the manga. Black backgrounds signal a flashback to a previous event or time period.
A page containing a box with a black background at the top, then boxes with faded shades of gray, and finally a box with a white background depicts a time shift from the past (black panel) to the present (white box).
Manga Characters and Emotions
Many times manga characters are depicted with an empty speech bubble at or below their mouth. This indicates that the character is sighing and can be interpreted as either relief or exasperation.
Manga characters are often depicted as flushed with lines drawn on the nose and cheeks. Interpret these expressions as illustrations of a character being embarrassed, overjoyed, or even having romantic feelings for another character.
Sometimes a drop of sweat can appear near a character's head. This usually indicates that the character is embarrassed or extremely uncomfortable in a given situation. This is usually less serious than the embarrassment depicted by the blush.
When a manga character appears in a panel with a purple, gray, or black mass or shadow in the background, this is usually indicative of negative energy surrounding the character.
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